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[ Appearance ][ Physiology ][ Homeworld ][ First Contact ][ Culture ][ Ships ][ Weapons ][ History ]
[ Individuals of Note ]

Appearance:  Klingons are humanoid, There are two different versions of Klingons depending on
    the time period in question.  Klingons do not talk about the change in appearance to outsiders.
        1)  During the span of one generation in the 2200's Klingons appeared as fairly ordinary humans
            with darker skin and heavy mustaches.
        2) At all other times: they have pronounced ridges running from the nose, over the head, and
            down the back.  They also have ridges on the chest and feet.
        It was once thought that the Klingon empire might be composed of more than one race, but we
        have seen the same individuals change from one type to the other type of Klingon. (e.g. Kor, Klang,
        and Koloth).

    Brak'lul - The term for a characteristic of the Klingon body to incorporate multiple redundancies for
        nearly all vital bodily functions.  For example, Klingons possess two livers, an eight chambered
        heart (double the 4 chambers in many other humanoids), and 23 ribs, unlike the 10 pairs found
        in humans.  This characteristic gives Klingon warriors enormous resiliency in battle.
                                                              "Ethics" [TNG]
        Klingons have a redundant stomach and don't get nauseous.
                                                              "Macrocosm" [VOY]
        They have redundant neural functions that take over the job of the autonomic system if damaged.
                                                              "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    Blood - Klingon blood ranges from a lavender-color to the red of human blood.  It is unknown whether
        Klingon blood actually has different color ranges for each individual or simply changes color due
        to some biochemical reaction as a result of an external stimulus, such as falling.  (When the Klingons
        were shot with the gravity off the blood had the lighter pink / lavender color, as opposed to the
        darker red pigmentation we've seen elsewhere, it could be their bodies were in a state of free fall
        similar to the experience of falling.  This could also explain how the assassin's blood was recognized
        as not being Klingon since it would have been pinkish in color due to his fall).
                                                              "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]
    Klingons have no tear ducts.

    Pregnancy - False labor is a common occurance among Klingons.
                                                              "Endgame" [ENT]

    Qo'nos -
Location: It takes the Enterprise 4 days to get there and 4 to get back.
        (if warp 5 is 125c then this amounts to about 1.4 light years from earth.
        Clearly there is something amiss in our warp speed formulas).  When
        Enterprise left spacedock the coordinates that they set to reach Kronos
        were off by 0.2 degrees. (Presumably this was corrected once they were
        underway).    "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    Climate: Parts of Qo'noS are mountainous and cold.
                                                         "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    Natural Satellites: The planet has one moon named Praxis.
                                                         "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]

Places of Interest:
Qu'vat Colony - Site of a genetic research station where military experiments to make Klingon augments
    were conducted.                             "Divergence" [ENT]
N'Vak Colony - One of the first places to be infected with the plague.  The High Council had it destroyed.
                                                            "Affliction" [ENT]

First contact: between the Klingons and humans occurred in 2151 when Klaang crashed on Earth.

Cuisine  ][ Rituals & Beliefs ][ Government ][ Language ]
Art & Music:
    "Ak'la bella doo." - Klingon folk song. Jadzia Dax taught this song to the Klingon restauranteur on
        the Promenade of DS9.  He was amazed that she knew a Klingon song he had never heard.
                                                                "Playing God" [DS9]
    "Aktuh and Melota." - A Klingon opera.  A favorite of Worf's.
                                                                "Unification, part 2" [TNG]
    Basai - A form of poetry.  Possibly romantic poetry, since Quark claimed that Grilka said he had
        the heart of a Basai master.             "Looking for Par'Mach in All the Wrong Places" [DS9]
    B'aht Qul challenge - Traditional Klingon game in which one contestant holds both arms forward,
        while the other places his or her arms between the first's, wrists touching. The first contestant
        attempts to press the arms together, while the other attempts to force them apart.
                                                                 "The Chase" [TNG]
     bregit lung - Served to Riker when he was aboard the Klingon vessel Pagh.  Riker claimed to like it.
                                                             "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]
     gagh - Serpent worms.  Connoisseurs of Klingon cuisine claim that gagh is best served very fresh,
        i.e. live.  Gagh is also served stewed.  Both Riker and Picard claimed to have developed a taste
        for the dish.                                   "A Matter of Honor" [TNG], "Unification, part 1" [TNG]
     gladst - Leafy brown Klingon foodstuff.
     krada legs - culinary dish consisting of the broiled lower appendages of a small animal.
     Racht - Klingon food similar to Gagh.
     Rokeg Blood Pie - A traditional Klingon dish.  The crew of the Klingon vessel Pagh served some of
        this to Riker as sort of an initiation rite, but Riker proved his mettle by claiming to enjoy it.
                                                                "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]
        It was one of Worf's favorite foods.  When he was a child, his adoptive mother, Helena Rozhenko,
        mastered the technique of making this dish.
                                                                "Family" [TNG]
     pipius claw - Commander Riker tasted some when he tried to acquaint himself with Klingon culture
        prior to his temporary assignment to the Pagh in 2365.
                                                              "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]
     targ - Klingons prefer them when they are freshly slaughtered.
                                                               "Sleeping Dogs" [ENT]
        heart of targ - Commander Riker tasted some when he tried to acquaint himself with Klingon
            culture prior to his temporary assignment to the Pagh in 2365.
                                                              "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]
     zilm'kach - Segmented orange food stuff enjoyed by Klingons.
     bahgol - beverage best served warm.  "Blood Oath" [DS9]
     blood wine -
     chech'tluth -  Alcoholic beverage.  Worf ordered some for the Bringloidi colony leader Danilo Odell
        who found it sufficiently potent.     "Up the Long Ladder" [TNG]
     mot'loch - A Potent Klingon drink that is traditionally drunk on the Day of Honor.
     Raktajino - Klingon iced coffee beverage served at Quark's bar on DS9.
     warnog - Klingon ale.

Rituals & Beliefs:
[ Rites of Passage ][ Mating ][ Death ][ Religion ]
    Klingons are a proud, tradition-bound people.
    They are reported to sharpen their teeth before battle.
                                                             "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    Promotion due to death of a crewmate is commonplace on Klingon ships.
                                                             "The Most Toys" [TNG]
    Klingons believe that they have the instinctive ability to look an opponent in the eye and see the
        intent to kill.                                "Sons of Mogh" [DS9]
    If a Klingon warrior strikes another with the back of his hand, it is interpreted as a challenge to the
        death.                                            "Apocalypse Rising" [DS9]

Blood Oath -  A blood oath is a promise that can never be broken -- although it can be revoked by
    any of those involved.
    Kang, Koloth, Kor and Curzon Dax swore a blood oath of revenge against the Klingon albino, the
    murderer of each of the Klingons' firstborn -- all sons. It took nearly 80 years to track down the
    location of the albino. When Kang reassembled the old team he was initially disgusted at Dax's new
    female host, Jadzia. Kang offered to release Dax from the pledge. She refused, insisting on her firm
    commitment to her blood oath.

Rites of Passage:
    Age of Inclusion -
        Worf had not yet reached the Age of Inclusion when he was orphaned at Khitomer
        in his youth.                                "Heart of Glory" [TNG #20]
        Klingon tradition holds that "the son of a Klingon is a man the day he can first hold a blade."
                                                            "Ethics" [TNG]
    Rite of MajQa - A ritual vision quest involving deep meditation in the lava caves of No'Mat.
        Prolonged exposure to the heat is believed to induce a hallucinatory effect.  Great significance is
        attached to any visions recieved during the MajQa, and revelations of one's father are believed
        to be the most important.
        When Worf was young, his adoptive parents arranged for him to experience this ritual and he did,
        indeed have a vision.                      "Birthright, part 1" [TNG]
    Age of Ascension - Rite of passage marking a new level of spiritual attainment for a warrior. The ritual
        involves a recitation by the ascendee, proclaiming "DaHjaj SuvwI'e'jiH. tIgwIj Sa'angnIS. Iw
        bIQtlhDaq jIjaH." ("Today I am a Warrior. I must show you my heart. I travel the river of blood.")
        The warrior then strides between two lines of other Klingons, who subject him or her to painsticks
        while the warrior is expected to express his or her most profound feelings while under this extreme
        duress. Worf underwent his Age of Ascension ritual at age 15 in 2355.  10 years later, in 2365, Worf
        celebrated the anniversary of his Age of Ascension with his Enterprise-D crewmates.
                                                            "The Icarus Factor" [TNG]
        Alexander undergoes his first rite of Ascension on stardate 47779.4, but his lack of interest in his
        Klingon warrior heritage troubles Worf.
                                                            "First Born" [TNG]
        Worf's brother Kurn was not told that he was a son of Mogh until his Age of Ascension in 2360.
        Until that point, Kurn believed that he was the son of Lorgh.
                                                            "Sins of the Father" [TNG]

    Tea Ceremony, Klingon  -  A ritual using a drink deadly to humans -- and only slightly less unhealthy
        for Klingons -- as a test of bravery and a reinforcement of the preference for facing death as a
        shared experience. The ceremony includes a chalice for each participant plus an extra one, along
        with the woody stem whose seeds and tulip-like flowers are plucked to make the tea.
        Doctor Pulaski had heard of, but not seen it, telling Lieutenant Worf she "understands the externals,
        not the mysteries" of the ceremony. Still, she gave herself a quick antidote in order to safely join
        him when invited, asking for a reading of Klingon love poetry when they finished.

    Oath of Union, Klingon  -  Klingons usually mate for life, and the union -- once a couple is "engaged"
        -- is solemnized with a sacred traditional oath.
        Lieutenant Worf felt honor-bound to propose to K'Ehleyr after they finally made love, but she
        rejected him, feeling no need for tradition to interfere with their separate careers. By the time she
        was ready to take the oath with Lieutenant Worf nearly a year and a half later, he declined so as
        not to bring his trumped-up dishonor upon her and Alexander. For a moment, they exchanged
        vows which may be the formal beginning to the oath: "jIH dok" (Worf) and "maj dok" (K'Ehleyr).

    Brek'tal ritual: A Klingon ceremony in which the slayer of the head of a house (if it was in honorable
        circumstances) takes his place, including marrying his wife.  The ritual ceremony can be completed
        with just a single witness who requires no special status -- even a servant will do. While wearing
        ceremonial robes, each member of the couple recites "Go'Eveh lu cha wabeh to va re'Luk," followed
        by the witness proclaiming "Ghos ma'lu Kah".
        Kozak's widow, Grilka, used this loophole to maintain her late husband's house and property by
        forcing Quark to undergo the ritual and marry her, but D'Ghor later forced Rom to admit Kozak
        died accidentally, and thus negated that option.
                                                            "The House of Quark" [DS9]

    Bre'Nan ritual: The mistress of a house has the right to approve all marriages into the family.  The
        Bre'Nan is part of a series of rituals she uses to evaluate the worthiness of an individual to join
        her house.                                    "You Are Cordially Invited" [DS9]

    Kal'Hyah: Translated "the path of clarity"; the Klingon equivalent of a bachelor party; however, there is
        nothing fun about it, unless you are a Klingon. It is a "mental and spiritual journey" in which the
        groom and his closest male friends spend the four nights before the wedding undergoing six trials:
        deprivation, blood, pain, sacrifice, anguish, and death. Of course, they must do all this while fasting.
        Sisko, O'Brien, Bashir, Martok, and Alexander underwent Kal'Hyah with Worf before his wedding
        to Dax.                                        "You Are Cordially Invited" [DS9]

    Divorce, Klingon -  The Klingon divorce involves the petitioner striking the defendant spouse, and
        reciting the words "N'Gos tlhogh cha!" and then spitting as a closing act.
        This ceremony is demonstrated by Grilka, a Klingon woman married to Quark, the Ferengi
        entrepreneur on space station Deep Space Nine. Similar to their marriage practices, the divorce
        ceremony requires no further witness nor official to complete the process.
                                                            "The House of Quark" [DS9]

    Klingon Death Ritual: A ceremony practiced by Klingons upon the death of a comrade. After a
        Klingon peers into a just-deceased brethren's eyes and looks at death in the face, all Klingons
        who are present join in a tremendously loud and powerful howl skyward, which lasts several
        seconds.  According to Lieutenant Commander Data, the howling signifies a traditional warning
        to the hereafter that "a Klingon warrior is about to arrive!"  Although offworlders have heard of
        the ceremony, the first known observance of the ritual by Federation outworlders was in the
        U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701-D sickbay, circa stardate 41503.  Captain Picard, Doctor Crusher
        and the medical staff witnessed the rite performed after the death of a Klingon renegade.
        Lieutenant Worf also howled skyward when he realized K'Ehleyr was dead; their son Alexander --
        a stranger to both death and the ritual -- ran away.
                                                                "Heart of Glory" [TNG]; "Reunion" [TNG]

    Dirge, Klingon -  Rather than the traditional death wail, Kor chanted a sacred funeral dirge over the
        bodies of Kang and Koloth:   "Ki-naH-naH, lo-maytoo; Ki-naH-naH, lo-maytaH; "Ko-no-ma ...
        Ko-no-mayy ... No-no-ma ... Ko-no-MAAAYYY...."

    Disposal of the Body:  No burial ceremony attends the corpse afterwards, which is viewed as
        "just an empty shell".   Klingons dispose of the body in the most efficient means possible.
                                                               "Emanations" [VOY]

    Afterlife:  The death of a warrior, if one has died honorably, especially in battle, is not  mourned. In
        such cases, the survivors celebrate the freeing of the spirit instead of mourning the loss of the body.
                                                             "The Bonding" [TNG]
        The spirit then finds itself on the Barge of the Dead piloted by the first Klingon who killed the gods
        that created him.  Here they are branded with the mark of Grethor on thier left cheek.  If the mark
        doesn't take, it means that they are there before their time.
                                                               "Barge of the Dead" [VOY]
        The spirit then joins Kahless, the Unforgettable in Sto-Vo-Kor.  Klingons dream of dying in battle
            and find honor in such a death.  "Rightful Heir" [TNG]

    Ak'voh: A tradition, in which, when a warrior dies in battle, his friends hold vigil over the body to
        protect it from predators long enough for the spirit to begin its journey to Sto'Vo'Kor. When Worf
        found O'Brien sitting with Muniz's body, he said O'Brien was performing this, and joined him.
                                                             "The Ship" [DS9]

    Mauk-to'Vor: When one has been dishonored, they may be restored through an honorable death.  But
        as tradition goes, a Klingon that dies by his own hand will not travel across the river of blood to
        enter Sto-Vo-Kor.  In the Mauk-to'Vor ceremony a sibling kills the other one who has been
        dishonored; this is supposed to satisfy the requirements of an honorable death so that the victim
        may now enter Sto'Vo'Kor. Adanji incense is burned during the rite. Kurn demanded that Worf
        perform the ritual on him; When performing the ceremony, Worf stabbed Kurn, but was interrupted
        by Dax and Odo.                             "Sons of Mogh" [DS9]

    Hegh'Bat: "The Time to Die" - Ritualistic suicide ceremony used in cases when a Klingon is injured or
        otherwise unable to face his enemies and so becomes a burden and cannot hope to live a full life again.
        In it, a family member, preferably the eldest son, or a trusted friend delivers the ceremonial objects -
        a special typ of cloak and a ritual knife to the warrior.  He then attends as the warrior who would
        be impaled through the chest.  The son or friend would then remove the knife and wipe the blood on
        his sleeve.
        After a severe spinal injury in 2368, Lt. Worf became hopelessly paralyzed and was going to perform
        the Hegh'bat.  He asked  Commander Riker to assist him in this final act as his best friend, but when
        the appalled Riker discovered that such a task should fall to Worf's son, Alexander, he compelled
        Worf to rethink his plans.  Worf chose the alternative of genetronic replication therapy.
                                                                "Ethics" [TNG]

    Hall of Heroes:  Statues are erected to heroic figures in Klingon history here.
                                                                "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]
    There is no equivalent of the Devil in Klingon mythology.
                                                               "Day of the Dove" [TOS]
    Although a creature known as Fek'lhr comes close. He guards the underworld of Gre'thor.
                                                               "Devil's Due" [TNG]
    According to myth, ancient Klingon warriors slew their gods a millennium ago. They apparently were
    more trouble than they were worth.   "Homefront" [DS9]
    There are many sacred icons.  They include the torch of G'boj, Sabak's armor, and the Emporer's crown,
    but the most revered icon in Klingon history is the Sword of Kahless.
                                                                "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    Klingonese - They have 80 polygutteral dialects constructed on an adaptive syntax.
                                                              "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    There was no word for peacemaker in the Klingon language until they encountered mediator Riva, who
    helped negotiate several treaties between the Klingons and Federation.
                                                               "Loud as a Whisper" [TNG]
    Klingon warriors speak proudly to each other; they do not whisper or keep their distance. Standing
    far away or whispering are considered insults in Klingon society.
                                                               "Apocalypse Rising" [DS9]

K'adlo - "thank you"                              "The Mind's Eye" [TNG]
Len'mat - "adjourned"                            "Redemption, part 1" [TNG]
Maktag - A division of the Klingon calendar analogous to a month.
                                                                "New Ground" [TNG]
Mev yap - "stop"                                   "Reunion" [TNG]
NaDev ghos - "come here"                      "Redemption, part 1" [TNG]

    Klingon Empire -  A political organization originating on Kronos.

Klingon High Council:
The ruling body of the Klingon Empire, led by a Chancellor.
                                                              "Broken Bow" [ENT]
    SEE: Gorkon, Azetbur, K'mpec, Gowron, Martok
The council is composed of about two dozen members and meets in the Great Hall of the First City on
    the Klingon Homeworld.                   "Sins of the Father"  [TNG]
A female cannot be a member of the High Council.
                                                              "Redemption, part 1" [TNG]
However, Azetbur was leader of the Council after her father's untimely death.
                                                             "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]
Rite of Succession - Process whereby a new leader is chosen for the High Council following the death
        of the previous leader.

    Sonchi Ceremony - The ritual whereby the previous leader is formally confirmed and certified as
        truly dead.  In fact, Sonchi literally translates as "He is dead".  The ceremony involves jabbing
        the corpse with Klingon painstiks while issuing the verbal challenge "Qab jIH nagil!" which
        means: "Face me, I dare you!"
        K'mpec's Sonchi ceremony took place in 2367 aboard a Klingon spacecraft.
                                                               "Reunion" [TNG]

    Arbiter of Succession - The Arbiter is the individual responsible for administering the Right of
        Succession.  He may be appointed by the current Chancellor before his death.  In 2367, K'mpec
        broke with tradition and appointed a non-Klingon, Jean-Luc Picard, as his Arbiter of Succession.
        The Arbiter is required to select from qualified challengers for leadership of the Council.
        After the death of Duras, Picard ruled Gowron to be the sole challenger for Council leader.
                                                                "Reunion" [TNG]
        Later, Picard also rejected a last-minute bid by Toral for the Council leadership based on the
        grounds that Toral had not yet distinguished himself in the service of the Empire.
                                                                "Redemption, part 1" [TNG]

    Ja`chuq -  Modern Klingon practices have the Rite of Succession ceremony proceed with only a
        brief proclamation by the Arbiter of Succession that the challengers vying for leadership have
        been decided upon.  However, the older form of the ceremony included the ja'chuq -- a listing of
        battles won and the prizes taken by each challenger.
        Captain Picard, when he was chosen to act as Arbiter of Succession by K'mpec, found this bit of
        Klingon governmental tradition very useful. He was able to buy enough time to delay the
        pronouncement of fit candidates until one of the challengers could be proved to be linked to the
        poisoning of K'mpec, and then later, for a bombing.

    Fight - The strongest challengers would then fight for the right to lead the Council.
                                                               "Reunion" [TNG]

    Installation Ceremony - The Arbiter places a cloak upon the victor, finalizing and making official
        their new position as Chancellor.   [TNG]

In Klingon culture, a house is the equivalent of a family unit.
Political power in the Klingon Empire is controlled by the great Houses, including the
    House of Kozak, the House of Duras, the House of Mogh, and even the House of Quark.
                                                               "The House of Quark" [DS9]
R'uustai (The bonding ceremony) - R'uustai literally means "bonding".  It is the ceremony of whereby
    someone can be adopted as a  brother.  Both participants wear ceremonial vests and each uses a
    candle to light their own set of three large candles apiece.
    Lieutenant Worf completed the ceremony with fellow orphan Jeremy Aster, after the boy's mother
    died on stardate 43198.7 during a mission under the Lieutenant's command.  After adorning Jeremy
    with a sash similar to his own, Worf invoked the memory of their mothers by reciting "SoS jIH batlh
    SoH" ("Mother[s] I [we] honor you").  According to the tradition, once the ceremony is performed,
    they are now brothers, and their families are stronger because of the union.
                                                               "The Bonding" [TNG]

Discommendation -  Discommendation is the process of being socially barred and declared a "non-person"
    in Klingon society, labeled publicly as a coward and thereby being stripped of honor. The
    discommendation ceremony is brief and yet powerful in nature -- the accused is surrounded by a circle
    of persons facing him, who in turn cross their clenched fists over their chest and turn outward on
    their heel.
    At Worf's discommendation, even his brother Kurn turned away from him, to preserve his secret
    relation to Worf.  Worf accepted this disgrace rather than let the Empire fall into civil war by revealing
    Ja'rod as the true traitor at Khitomer.  Worf's discommendation was finally revoked circa stardate
    44998 after he and Kurn helped Gowron ensure his installation as High Council leader. In retrieving
    his family honor and name, Worf performed a ceremony which included gripping the razor-sharp
    edge of Gowron's extended dagger until blood was drawn; he did so without flinching.

Judicial System:
"G`now juk Hol pajhard" -  A Klingon phrase that roughly translates to "A son will share in the
    honors or crimes of his father."

Right of Vengeance - A family member of one who has been murdered has the Right to challenge the guilty
    party to a duel to the death.  An individual who issues the challenge for Vengeance will declare his/her
    intentions and state the relation to the dead family member. The one challenged must accept and none
    may harm the challenger nor impede the challenge.  Because of the Right to Vengeance, many cases will
    never even be brought to trial, for if a crime is committed against somebody, especially if there are
    witnesses, they are often within their rights to make the criminal pay for the dishonor he bestows upon
    them, right then and there.                "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

A trial is proceeded over by an Imperial Judge or Magistrate, and if the trial is a large enough or important
    enough the Chancellor of the High Council can even serve as the Judge. Almost every trial is open to the
    general population, with the larger ones held in an arena-like forum and broadcast on subspace.
The Imperial Courts don't decide guilt or innocence based solely on the facts of the crime, but also by the
    conduct and honorable or dishonorable character of the accused and the status of his/her family.
The Klingon judicial system seems to differ from the one we are accustomed to on Earth in a very simple
    respect: it's purpose.
    We are accustomed to view the judicial system as a way to determine who is guilty of committing
    a given crime, with the assumption that the guilty person will automatically be punished.  The
    Klingon system, on the other hand, seems to be designed, not to dispassionately determine who
    committed the crime, but to determine who can be safely sacrificed in the name of justice, while
    endangering the stability and strength of the Empire as little as possible.
                                                                "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6], "Judgement" [ENT]

Mek'ba - The Mek'ba is the portion of the trial or appeal in which evidence is heard.  The Mek'ba has
    strict rules for the presentation of evidence and for the conduct of both the accuser and the accused.
                                                                "Sins of the Father" [TNG]

Cha’DIch - When a warrior stands accused of an Imperial crime he/she has the right to challenge his/her
    accusers. The warrior will present evidence to the Council who then pass judgement. The Accused has
    a right to choose a cha'DIch to stand with him/her at trial. The cha'DIch shall fight any combat
    challenges for the accused during the trial while the right to combat for the accused is suspended.
    The traditional response when accepting a position as Cha'DIch is "JIlajneS. ghIj qet jaghmeyjaj"
    Literally, this means "I accept [with honor]. May your enemies run with fear." Kurn, and later
    Captain Picard, both responded this way when Lieutenant Worf asked each in turn to be his cha'DIch.
                                                                "Sins of the Father" [TNG]

Judicial Charter of Kholos - The accused has the right to testify in his/her own defense.  It is against
    custom to allow this (as of 2152) but it is a practice that has been honored since the time of Kahless.
                                                                "Judgment" [ENT]

Punishment - However, once a trial is engaged in, the sentences are harsh and the prisons even worse.
    J'Hak - The most severe punishment decreed by Klingon law.  Presumably, the death penalty.  If the
        death penalty is commuted, the alternative is often just as bad, usually life in prison.
                                                             "Judgment" [ENT]
    Prisons - One of the most famous prisons is Rura Penthe, an asteroid penal colony and work camp
        where dilithium is mined for use in Klingon ships. Very few people escape from a Klingon prison,
        and if they dishonor the guards by escaping or attempting to escape, they often pay dearly for
        their actions.  It is nicknamed the "alien's graveyard" because of the high number of alien prisoners
        kept there, and the expectation that for anyone being sent to Rura Penthe it is a virtual death-
        sentence.  The life expectancy of a prisoner there is from 6 to 12 months.
                                                            "Judgment" [ENT], "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]

Klingon Defense Force:
    Military service of the Klingon Empire.  The Klingon Defense Force is responsible for defending the
        Empire's borders against enemies and for operating the Empire's space fleet.
    Korris and Konmel both claimed to be members of the Klingon Defense Force, but they were actually
        renegades seeking to overthrow the Klingon government.
                                                            "Heart of Glory" [TNG]
    Worf's brother, Kurn, was an officer of the Klingon Defense Force.
                                                            "Sins of the Father" [TNG]
    In 2373, Worf, a Starfleet officer, was placed on detached service to the Klingon Defense Force in order
        to sign aboard the bird-of-prey Rotarran as first officer under General Martok.
                                                            "Soldiers of the Empire" [DS9]

Klingon Intelligence:
    Information gathering service of the Klingon government.
    In 2371, a covert team composed of three Klingon Intelligence agents was sent to Deep Space 9 to
        observe and to take appropriate action against a Romulan delegation visiting the station.  Klingon
        Intelligence correctly feared that the Romulan delegation might attempt to destroy the station and
        the Bajoran wormhole.                   "Visionary" [DS9]

History -
    4 billion years ago: A humanoid species seeded the oceans of many class-M planets throughout the
        galaxy with genetic material, from which a number of humanoid forms evolved.  This explains the
        remarkable commonality in form, and genetic coding of many species including the tendency to
        find intelligent life in bipedal, generally mammalian forms.
                                                           "The Chase" [TNG]

    date unknown: The tyrant Molor comes to power.
                                                        "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    date unknown: Kahless fights his brother Morath, for twelve days and twelve nights because Morath
        had lied and thus brought shame to his family.
                                                           "New Ground" [TNG]

    date unknown: Storm at Quin'lat...  A storm was heading towards the city of Quin'lat.  The people
        sought protection within the walls, all except one man who remained outside.  Kahless went to him
        and asked what he was doing.  "I am not afraid of the wind", he said, "I will not hide my face
        behind stone and mortar."   "I will stand before the wind and make it respect me."   Kahless
        honoured his choice and went inside.  The next day the storm came and the man was killed.  Kahless
        said to the people, "The wind does not respect a fool."
                                                               "Rightful Heir" [TNG]

    ca 625:   The Story of the Sword:
        Kahless went into the mountains, all the way to the volcano of Kri'stak.  There he cut off a lock
        of his hair and thrust it into the river of molten rock that poured from its summit.  The hair began
        to burn, then he plunged it into the lake of Lusor and twisted it into a sword.  And after he used
        the sword to slay the tyrant Molor he gave it the name Bat'leth - "the sword of honor", and thus
        the Klingon empire was forged and Kahless became it's first warrior-emporer.
        The story of the sword was kept secret and was known only to the high clerics.  It was never
        written down in the sacred texts so that when Kahless returned they could be sure it was really him.
                                                                "Rightful Heir" [TNG]
        Thus the first bat'leth was forged, which has come to be known as the "Sword of Kahless".  The
        Sword of Kahless was used to conquer Fek'Ihr and imprison him in Gre'Thor. (Note: In
        "Devil's Due" [TNG] the Fek'Ihr guards Gre'Thor the afterlife for the dishonourable, Presumably
        he made the creature stay in Gre'Thor.)  He also used it to skin the serpent of Xol, harvest his father's
        fields, and to carve a statue for his beloved.
                                                           "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]
        Every year the death of Molor is celerbrated during the Kot'baval festival.

    date unknown: Kahless fights off an entire army by himself at Three-turn bridge, according to Worf.
                                                            "Let He Who is Without Sin..." [DS9]

    date unknown: Battle at Qam-Chee.  500 warriors stormed the great hall at Qam-Chee.  According to
        legend, only the Emperor Kahless and the Lady Lukara stood their ground.   Worf had Quark
        practice bat'leth fighting in a holoprogram depicting this battle.
                                                            "Looking for Par'Mach in All the Wrong Places" [DS9]

    date unknown: Kahless marries Lady Lukara, the love of his life. Theirs is considered "the greatest
        romance in Klingon history".  They were attacked by Molor's troops moments after being married,
        an event commemorated in modern Klingon weddings by a ritual attack on the bride and groom.
                                                         "You Are Cordially Invited" [DS9]

    ca. 869 (15 centuries ago):   The Story of the Promise:
        When Kahless had united the Klingon people and gave them the laws of honor, he saw that his work
        was done.  So one night he gathered his belongings and departed for the edge of the city to say
        good bye.  The people wept. They did not want him to go.  then Kahless said "You are Klingons,
        you need no one but yourselves, I will go now to Stovokor but I promise  one day I will return."
        then Kahless pointed to a star in the sky and said "Look for me there, on that point of light."
        Later clerics established a monastery on Boreth, a planet orbiting that "Star of Kahless".
                                                                "Rightful Heir" [TNG]

    date unknown: General K'Trelan assassinates Emperor Reclaw.  The rest of his family, including his
        daughter Shenara,  is put to death, thus ending the 2nd dynasty.
        The 10 year period between the 2nd and 3rd dynasties is refered to by modern Klingon historians
        as "The Dark Time"  - It was ruled by a council elected by tthe people: the first and only Klingon
        experiment in representational democracy.
        When the 3rd dynasty was formed, a new group of Klingons was given the titles and names of the
        original Imperial family of the 2nd dynasty to create the illusion of an unbroken line.    A concubine
        named Karana, living outside the Imperial stables was given the identity of Shenara, the daughter
        of Emperor Reclaw.  Sirella believed the original Shenara to be her 23rd maternal grandmother.
        Dax took a certain pleasure in informing Sirella that her actual ancestress was the concubine Karana.
                                                        "You Are Cordially Invited" [DS9]

    date unknown: The Battle of Tong Vey takes place.  Emperor Sompek leads 10,000 troops to conquer
        the city of Tong Vey.  This historical battle, is often re-enacted by Worf in a holosuite program he
        brought with him from the Enterprise.  The program ends with Sompek's order to burn the city and
        kill everyone inside.                 "Rules of Engagement" [DS9]

    1372: According to myth, ancient Klingon warriors slew their gods a millennium ago. They apparently
        were more trouble than they were worth. (as reported by Commander Worf in 2372).
                                                           "Homefront" [DS9]
        According to myth, Kortar is the first of the Klingons who destroyed the gods who created him.
        His punishment is to ferry the dishonored souls to Gre'thor aboard the Barge of the Dead.
                                                          "Barge of the Dead" [VOY]

    1372: The Hur'q, or what the Klingons would call "the outsiders", a race of nomadic gatherers raided
        a number of planets and stole artefacts and treasures. One such raid was on the Klingon Homeworld.
        They invaded the homeworld and stole the sword of Kahless. This happened about the same time
        that the Klingons slew their "gods".  Could there be some connection?
                                                         "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    2069: The ruling High Council had gained enough power that after the death of the emperor in 2069,
        no successor ascended the throne, and the council alone controlled the Empire.  The position of
        emperor was no longer filled.
                                                         "Rightful Heir" [TNG]

    date unknown: Chancellor Mow'ga, a Klingon leader during the "Second Empire", sends a fleet of
        ships to conquer the Breen homeworld.  They were never heard from again.
                                                          "'Til Death Do Us Part" [DS9]

    prior to 2151: The Vulcans had contact with the Klingon Empire.
                                                          "Broken Bow" [ENT]

    2133:  A Klingon ship emerged from the Expanse. Every crewman on board was anatomically inverted,
        their bodies splayed open, and they were still alive.
                                                               "The Expanse" [ENT]

   2151: Human/Klingon First Contact:  The Suliban tried to start a Klingon civil war as part of a temporal
        cold war, but the conflict was averted with the aid of Enterprise.
           "Broken Bow" [ENT]; "First Contact" [TNG]

    2151: Klingons get holodeck technology from the Xyrillians.
                                                          "Unexpected" [ENT]

    2151:  The Enterprise NX-01 discovers a Klingon Raptor class vessel adrift in the atmosphere of a
        gas giant.                                    "Sleeping Dogs" [ENT]

    2154, May:  Two Human Augments commandeer a Bird of Prey.  Its entire crew was massacred
        and jettisoned into space.  The Klingons have threatened to retaliate with everything they've got.
        The Enterprise averts a war by finding the Augments and destroying them.
                                                            "Borderland" [ENT]

    2154, November:  Despite assurances from the Vulcan government to the Klingon High Council that
        the Augments were just relics of a previous era, the Empire could not allow an inferior species to
        gain an advantage on them.  Using several embryos that they found in the wreckage of the Bird of
        Prey, the Klingons resequenced a number of test subjects in an effort to make Klingon augments.
        But the human-augment DNA was more aggressive than they realized.  It turns out one of the test
        subjects was suffering from the Levodian flu and the Augment genes modified the virus.  It became
        airborne.  The resultant metagenic disease was immune to any known antiviral agents.
                                                            "Affliction" [ENT]
        The infection has three stages:
        Stage 1)  The initial symptoms start to be felt in about 30 minutes-- tightness in the chest, irregular
            heartbeat, tingling in the cranial ridges, which start to dissolve.  And then there is some minor
            neural reordering.
        Stage 2) The augment characteristics begin to manifest:   Enhanced strength, speed, endurance,
                                                             "Divergence" [ENT]
            and increased intelligence.
        Stage 3)  The disease becomes contagious.  The neural pathways start to degrade.  The victims die
            in agony.
        The disease spread from planet to planet and infected millions.  It would wipe out the entire Klingon
        species if a way was not found to stop it.  It was considered the greatest threat to the Empire since
        the Hur'q invasion.  The Klingons try to kidnap Dr. Soong but security around his prison was too
        great.  Instead, Dr. Phlox is kidnapped to find a cure for the disease.
                                                            "Affliction" [ENT]
        Dr. Phlox is successful, however, the disease can only be arrested at stage one.  The Klingon race
        will undergo a physiological change which removes the ridges from their heads and makes them
        look more human.
                                                            "Divergence" [ENT]
    ca 2220: Open hostilities and mistrust between the Federation and Klingon Empire begin.
        It could have happened as early as 2218 because McCoy said they were adversaries for 50 years
            before that episode (2268).         "Day of the Dove" [TOS]
        Or as late as 2223 because Spock notes that the Klingons have had bad relations with the Federation
            for 70 years prior.                        "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]

    2267 (Stardate 3198.4):   War declared between the Federation and the Klingon Empire.  The Klingons
        had issued an ultimatum to the Federation to withdraw from disputed areas claimed by both the
        Federation and the Klingon Empire or face war.  The hostilities came to a head at planet Organia,
        the only Class-M world in the region.  Starfleet suspected that the Klingons would attempt to take
        over the Organia system, and were justified in that suspicion when a ship came and Commander Kor
        installed himself as the planet's military governor. This incursion by the Klingons was met by the
        starship Enterprise, Captain James T. Kirk commanding, which Starfleet dispatched to meet them.
        In the incident, Kirk stopped the Klingons from claiming the planet, to preserve the existence of
        what looked like a primitive humanoid civilization. However, the Organians were in fact powerful
        noncoporeal lifeforms who weren't as helpless as they seemed. The beings used their powers to
        stop the war between the two sides, and also forcibly imposed the Organian peace treaty on both
        the Federation and Klingons.  They also predicted eventual friendship for the two sides.  Their
        "Organian Peace Treaty" dampened hostilities for a while and provisions in the treaty also included
        space station docking rights for ships from either side at the other's stations.
                                                              "Errand of Mercy" [TOS]

    Stardate 3497.2-3499.1: The Enterprise and a Klingon crew simultaneously try to establish relations
        with and to negotiate a topaline mining agreement treaty on Capella IV.  Klingon agent Kraz is killed
        by a kligat, and the treaty goes to the Federation.
                                                               "Friday's Child" [TOS]

    Stardate 4523.3-4525.6: The galactic trader Cyrano Jones who has been in the Klingon sphere of
        influence comes to deep space station K-7.  A Klingon battlecruiser commanded by Koloth having
        been without shore leave for five months since they left port, docks at deep space station K-7.
        Klingons launched a covert operation to sabotage the Federation's claim on Sherman's Planet by
        poisoning emergency quadrotriticale supplies crucial to the development of that planet.  Deep Space
        Station K-7 which was storing the hybrid wheat sent a priority A-1 distress signal answered by the
        Enterprise.  Captain Kirk is ordered to guard a shipment of quadrotriticale to Sherman's Planet while
        his ship, and the station, becomes infested with tribbles.  With the help of the tribbles and some
        time-travelers, the Klingon sabotage was revealed and terminated.  The tribbles are disposed of by
        beaming them aboard Captain Koloth's battlecruiser.
                                                             "The Trouble with Tibbles" [TOS]

    Stardate 4211.4-4211.8: On Neural (Zeta Bootis III), the Klingons are discovered to have escalated
        the development of modern firearms.
                                                               "A Private Little War" [TOS]

    2268 (stardate 5031.3): The Romulans enter into a brief alliance with the Klingon Empire, when an
        agreement between them results in the sharing of military technology and spacecraft designs.  The
        Romulans are provided with Klingon battle cruisers, and in exchange the Klingons get the Romulan
        cloaking technology and Bird of Prey ship designs.  At this point, the two powers are allied against
        the United Federation of planets.
                                                             "The Enterprise Incident" [TOS]

    date unknown: A non-corporeal alien that feeds on hate attempts to start a war between the survivors
        of Kang's battle cruiser aboard the "Enterprise," but is overpowered through cooperation.
                                                             "Day of the Dove" [TOS]

    stardate 4372.5: While transporting the Dolman of Elaan to Troyus, the Enterprise's engines are sabotaged.
        The Klingons attack in order to destroy the ship and keep the rich dilithium deposits of Elaan a secret
        for them to exploit.  The mission fails.
                                                                "Elaan of Troyus" [TOS]

    ca 2271: Battle of Klach d'kel Brakt:  - A battle won by the Klingons over the Romulans a century ago.
        Kor fought in it, and recreated it in a holosuite at Quark's.
                                                         "Blood Oath"[DS9]
        Worf has heard the story of Kor's attack on Romulus.
                                                              "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    date unknown:  Worf has heard stories of Kor's legendary defence of the Korma pass.
                                                                "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    date unknown: Klingons undergo physiological change restoring the ridge headed look of their race.

    Stardates 7412.6-7414.1: A high-energy cloud (V'ger) destroys three Klingon "K't'inga" class warships:
        One of which is named the "Amar".  "The Motion Picture" [ST1]

    2287, (stardate 8210.3):  Admiral James Kirk, in direct violation of Star Fleet orders, takes the
        "Enterprise" to Genesis.  The "Enterprise" is self-destructed upon encountering a Klingon
        "Bird of Prey" commanded by Captain Kruge.  Kruge is also responsible for the destruction of
        the U.S.S. "Grissom" (NCC-638) science/survey vessel.  Kruge dies in combat with Kirk as the
        Genesis planet breaks up. Admiral Kirk and his officers capture the Klingon scout ship intact.
        Maltz, one of the Klingon officers is taken into custody.
                                                       "The Search for Spock" [ST3]

    2287: Klingon Ambassador to the U.F.P., arrives on Terra. He meets with a select committee of
        Federation Council members, ranking Star Fleet officials, and Federation Supreme Court Justices.
        Describing Admiral James T. Kirk, in his role in the Genesis Project, as a pirate and interstellar-
        criminal who has recklessly endangered peace in known space, he demands that Kirk be turned
        over to the Klingon Diplomatic Corps to stand trial in the Klingon Empire for his crimes. The
        Federation Council President responds that if Kirk is going to stand trial anywhere, he will do so
        within the Federation and under Federation jurisprudence.  The Klingon Ambassador outraged,
        promised that there will be no peace as long as Kirk lives.  Enroute to Earth to face court-martial,
        Admiral Kirk and his officers are forced to employ the light speed breakaway factor to the
        Klingon scout ship, to time warp into Earth's past (1986 O.C.).  A Cetacean Probe is diverted
        from Earth with the help of two Humpback whales saved from extinction via time travel.  The
        Federation Council dismisses all but one charge, demoting Kirk from Admiral to Captain rank and
        giving him the duties associated with that rank: command of a new ship - the "Enterprise"
        NCC-1701-A.                         "The Voyage Home" [ST4]

    2289, 17 December: Captain K'Temok, commanding the Klingon warship "T'Ong," embarks on a
        long-term voyage with his crew in suspended animation.
                                                        "The Emissary" [TNG]

    2289: Early talks between the Federation and Klingon Empire took place at the Korvat colony.  While
        no major breakthrough resulted, some small progress was made when Federation negotiator Curzon
        Dax earned the respect of his Klingon colleagues.
                                                             "Blood Oath" [DS9]

    date unknown: Mediator Riva helped negotiate several treaties between the Klingons and Federation.
        There was no word for "peacemaker" in the Klingon language before this.
                                                               "Loud as a Whisper" [TNG]

    2290: Three Klingon warships under the command of Kang, Kor and Koloth unsuccessfully attempt to
        apprehend the criminal known as the Albino.  The three and Curzon Dax become blood brothers.
                                                               "Blood Oath" [DS9]

    date unknown:  Kang, Kor, and Koloth battle the T'nag army.  As Kor tells the story, they set out with
        forty legions, snaking their way through a hot smoldering canyon with walls of fire and rivers of lava
        to either side.  Only the three of them survived to face T'nag's army.  With a battle cry Koloth attacked
        their flank with a disruptor in one hand, and a bat'leth in the other killing two dozen men.  And Kang
        took the high ground, keeping the three suns to his back forcing the enemy to battle against the blinding
        light. (Kang's version of the story has Kor taking the high ground).  T'nag's body was found by the river,
        who killed him, none could say.  But they cut out his heart and the three of them feasted on it together.
                                                               "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    2292: Relations between the Romulans and Klingons had deteriorated significantly and it was suggested
        by Geordi that the two powers had become "blood enemies" 75 years prior.  Romulan Alliance with
        Klingons collapses.                           "Reunion" [TNG]

    date unknown: The Great Tribble Hunt - The Klingons considered tribbles to bee an ecological menace, a
        plague to be wiped out.  In the latter part of the 23rd century, hundreds of Klingon warriors were sent
        to track them down throughout the galaxy.  An armada obliterated the tribble homeworld, and before
        the 24th century, tribbles had been eradicated.
                                                       "Trials and Tribble-ations" [DS9]

   2293 (Stardate 9521.6): There is a catastrophic explosion on the Klingon moon Praxis. The starship
        "Excelsior" (NCC-2000) witnesses the subspace shockwave.  Serious environmental repercussions
        from this incident wiped out key energy resources and sparked an economic crisis on the Klingon
        homeworld, giving the Klingon Empire 50 years of life left.  At the behest of Ambassador Sarek,
        Captain Spock opens a dialog with chancellor Gorkon, leader of the Klingon High Council.  He
        proposes to commence negotiations at once.  Chancellor Gorkon had little choice but to launch a
        peace initiative with the Federation when it became apparent the Empire could not maintain its
        military any longer.  An end to 70 years of hostility and even an offer of collaboration with the
        Federation in the future was placed on the agenda, and talks soon opened when Chancellor Gorkon
        agreed to travel to Earth.              "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]

    2293 (Stardate 9522.6-9529.1 (15 August?)): "Enterprise," under command of Captain Kirk, is assigned
        to escort the Klingon battlecruiser "Kronos One" through U.F.P. space. However, while en route,
        Gorkon, Chancellor of the Klingon High Council, is assassinated by factions within the Federation,
        Klingon Empire, and Romulan Star Empire who sought to maintain the status quo of relations. The
        peace initiative was rescheduled and the conference was then moved to the secret location, Camp-
        Khitomer, a planet near the border of Romulan space. Gorkon's successor, his daughter Azetbur,
        continues her father's work.  Federation officers Kirk and McCoy were set up with the blame for
        Gorkon's murder and arrested by Klingons under interstellar law.  Colonel Worf (Worf's grandfather)
        attempts to defend them at their trial, however they were sentenced to life imprisonment at the
        Rura Penthe dilithium mine/penal asteroid. Kirk and McCoy escape from the asteroid.  After Spock
        forced the truth out of his traitorous protege Valeris, the Enterprise and the Excelsior (under command
        of Capt. Sulu) destroy the prototype Bird of Prey, capable of firing while cloaked, commanded by
        General Chang, and prevent another assassination attempt -- this time of the Federation President --
        from succeeding. After exposing the villains within each party, the talks went on and a new era of
        peace resulted.  Kirk and McCoy were later found innocent of the murder when the crime is found to
        be the work of Starfleet Admiral Cartwright and other forces afraid of the change to the Status Quo.
                                                          "The Undiscovered Country" [ST6]

    2293, October?:  At a second Khitomer Conference, the landmark Khitomer Accords were successfully
        concluded, leading to the dismantling of the Klingon Neutral Zone.  In the future, the Khitomer-
        Conference would be seen as the single most important peace accord in Federation history.
                                                               "Unification, part 1" [TNG]

    2297, April: A Klingon expedition makes contact with Ventax II.
                                                                "Devil's Due" [TNG]

    2328, September: Dr. Noonian Soong marries Dr. Juliana O'Donnel secretly on a trip to Nivala IV.
        A Klingon and a Karvalan trader are the only witnesses.
                                                                "Inheritance" [TNG]

    2340s: The Romulans begin pursuing a long term policy of using covert means to destabilize the Klingon
        government going back to at least this time period.

    2340, May 23: Worf, Son of Mogh,  is born on Qo'nos.

    2344, 12 May (stardate 21364.2): The U.S.S. "Enterprise" (NCC-1701-C) commanded by Captain
        Rachel Garrett successfully defends the Narendra III Klingon outpost under attack by 4 Romulan
        warbirds, but is destroyed in the battle.  Before destruction, the Enterprise-C is transported 22 years
        into the future via a temporal warp, and effectively removed from the timestream. A new Time-
        Track is created- In this alternate time track, the Klingon outpost was destroyed by the Romulans.
        The Klingons, believed their new U.F.P. allies had betrayed them, and broken away from the treaty.
        Over two decades of war resulted between the U.F.P. and Klingon Empire.  However, the
        Enterprise-C was successfully returned to its proper time at the exact point of its removal, thus
        restoring the original series of events...  The courageous efforts of the Enterprise-C, in defending the
        Narendra III Klingon outpost from attacking Romulan forces changed the perspectives of many
        Klingons toward the Federation. To the Klingons, a Federation starship defending Klingons from
        destruction was proof that they were truly a worthy ally.
                                                              "Yesterday's Enterprise" [TNG]

    2346: Mogh suspects Ja'rod, a member of a powerful Klingon house of plotting with the Romulans
        against the Empire. He follows Ja'rod to the historic Khitomer colony.

    2346, stardate 23859.7 (09 November):  The Khitomer Massacre:
        Romulan ships ravage the Klingon agricultural colony on Khitomer, killing 4,000 Klingons.
        Worf and Kahlest, his nursemaid, are the only survivors. Mogh's other son Kurn was left in the
        care of Lorgh, a family friend and so was spared. Kurn is not even told he is the Son of Mogh
        until he reached his age of ascension.  The U.S.S. "Intrepid" (NCC-38907), commanded by
        Captain Drew Deighan, offers assistance. This is the first major battle between the Romulans
        and Klingons after the end of their alliance. Sergey Rozhenko, a chief petty officer and warp
        field specialist aboard the "Intrepid," adopts Worf after finding the boy buried under wreckage
        on the planet's surface.  He will be raised on the farming world Gault.
                                                              "Sins of the Father" [TNG]
        Unknown to Klingon authorities, warriors defending an outpost on the perimeter of the Khitomer
        system are taken captive by Romulans under the leadership of Commander Tokath.   They were
        not allowed to die and were dishonoured by remaining alive.  Following 3 months of interrogation,
        they will live out the remainder of their lives in a Romulan prison camp on Carraya until Worf's
        arrival in 2369.                              "Birthright, part 2" [TNG]

    date unknown: A battle between the Klingons and the Romulans takes place at Tranome Sar.  The father
        of an officer aboard the Klingon vessel Pagh was captured in this conflict, but was not allowed to die.
        He later escaped and returned to the Klingon Homeworld, to await death in disgrace.
                                                               "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]

    2357: Worf, Son of Mogh, enters Starfleet Academy. He is the first Klingon to enter Starfleet.  As a
        young child Worf was told by a vision of Kahless that he would do something no other Klingon had
        ever done before. Worf assumes that this was entering Starfleet.

    2364: Lieutenant Worf, son of Mogh, made history by becoming the first Klingon Starfleet officer.
        His first post was on board the Galaxy-Class starship Enterprise-D.
                                                               "Encounter at Farpoint" [TNG]

    2364 (Stardate 41503.7): Two renegade, war-hungry klingons are rescued and beamed aboard the
        Enterprise-D which they try to take over.
                                                              "Heart of Glory" [TNG]

    2365: As part of an officer exchange program, Riker became the first Starfleet officer to serve aboard
        a Klingon warship when he served shortly as First Officer of the IKS Pagh.
                                                              "A Matter of Honor" [TNG]

    2365: Klingon Sleeper ship T'Ong comes out of hibernation menacing several Federation colonies.
        The crew were reinitiated back into Klingon society by Special Emissary K'Ehleyr. During the
        operation Enterprise D crewman Lieutenant Worf mated with K'Ehleyr.
                                                              "The Emissary" [TNG]

    2366: Commander Kurn of the Klingon Defence Force served temporarily aboard the Enterprise-D
        as First Officer in another officer exchange.  It was later learned that Kurn had specifically
        requested the Enterprise-D posting because his brother, Worf, was aboard that ship.  A Romulan
        Warbird had been recently been recovered by the Klingons which had data in its logs showing a
        security code that allowed them to disable the shields at the Khitomer outpost.  Council member
        Duras attempted to unjustly convict the late Mogh of having betrayed his people at Khitomer,
        by accusing him of giving the Romulans the shield frequencies to the Khitomer outpost, allowing
        them to destroy it.  Captain Picard of the Enterprise agreed to take both Worf and Kurn to Qo'noS
        to challenge the accusation of crimes comitted by their Father, Mogh.  It was discoved that the
        council, led by K'mpec, knew the security codes had in fact been Ja'rod's and not Mogh's, but was
        willing to let the accusation stand, because Ja'rod's son, Duras, was part of a politically powerful
        family and if it had been revealed the codes were Ja'rod's it would have plunged the Empire into
        civil war.   It was not believed it would be challenged. Rather than let the information be revealed,
        and for the sake of the empire, Worf agreed to accept discommendation. Discommendation in
        Klingon society means that for seven generations your family will be seen as non-existent in the
        eyes of other Klingons.                  "Sins of the Father" [TNG]

    2367: Klingon exobiologist J'Ddan also served on the Enterprise-D through the officer exchange program.
                                                               "The Drumhead" [TNG]

    2367: Romulan operative Sela attempted to use mental conditioning of Starfleet officer Geordi
        La Forge to assassinate Klingon governor Vagh, a move calculated to spark distrust between the
        Klingons and the Federation.          "The Mind's Eye" [TNG]

    date unknown: The Romulans are working with at least some factions of the Klingon government in
        an effort to overthrow K'mpec's regime. The dates and circumstances of this Romulan alliance
        with dissident Klingons are unclear.
                                                              "Redemption, part II" [TNG]

    2367: The Klingon High Council was a hotbed of political intrigue that nearly plunged the Empire into civil war when
        council leader K'mpec, having had the longest reign of the Klingon High Council in the history of the empire, died of
        poison.  This murder, viewed as a killing without honor under Klingon tradition, triggered a bitter struggle to determine
        K'mpec's successor.  K'mpec had taken the unorthodox precaution of appointing a non-Klingon, Jean-Luc Picard,
        as his Arbiter of Succession. Under Picard's mediation, political newcomer Gowron emerged as the sole candidate
        for council leader.                             "Reunion" [TNG]

    A few weeks later: Picard requested the loan of a Klingon bird-of-prey for a covert mission into Romulan space to
    investigate the disappearance of Ambassador Spock.
                                                                "Unification, Part I" [TNG]

    Later in 2367: The Sisters of Duras, Lursa and B'Etor seek to take control of the Council through Toral,
        the illegitamite son of Duras.  Sela formed a covert alliance with them in an effort to wrest control of
        the Klingon High Council from Gowron. Gowron successfully fought off the challenge to place Toral
        as council leader.

    Early 2368: Forces loyal to the powerful Duras family unsuccessfully attempted to block Gowron, plunging
        the Empire into a brief, but bitter Klingon civil war with Sela providing material support to the Duras forces.
        Gowron's victory was in part achieved by his promise to restore rightful honor to the Mogh family in
        exchange for military support by Worf and Kurn, his brother.  Kurn, whose true family is revealed, offers
        him the support of 4 squadrons.  Worf resigns StarFleet and joins Gowron's side.
                                                             "Redemption, Parts I and II" [TNG]
        Civil War ends with the defeat of the Duras Family. The sisters escape as Toral's life is given to Worf
        who spares it.  Kurn is given a seat on the High Council as Worf returns to StarFleet.

    2369 (stardate 4685.2): Though their nation was called an empire, it had not been ruled by an emperor for more than three
        centuries.   This situation changed, when the clerics of Boreth produced a clone of Kahless the Unforgettable. They
        initially claimed that the clone was the actual Kahless who had returned just as he said he would.  They were exposed
        and the claim quickly disproven.  Still, the Klingon people hungered for the spiritual leadership of Kahless, and so, with
        the support of chancellor Gowron, a plan was adopted to install Kahless as ceremonial emperorand spiritual leader of
        the people.  That way, Kahless would be regarded as the rightful heir to the throne and have the position to use his
        influence while Gowron would still keep the real political power to himself and the High Council.
                                                               "Rightful Heir" [TNG]

    2369: Worf discovers a Romulan prison camp on Carraya with survivors of the Khitomer massacre.
        The Klingons were reincorporated into their society but the existence of the prison camp remains
        unknown to both the Klingons and Federation governments.
                                                               "Birthright, part 2" [TNG]

    2370: Kang, Kor, Koloth, and Jadzia Dax defeat the Albino.  Although Kang and Koloth were killed
        during the battle.

    2371: A covert team composed of three Klingon Intelligence agents was sent to Deep Space 9 to
        observe and to take appropriate action against a Romulan delegation visiting the station.  Klingon
        Intelligence correctly feared that the Romulan delegation might attempt to destroy the station
        and the Bajoran wormhole.             "Visionary" [DS9]
        Duras sisters are killed in battle fighting Federation Starship Enterprise-D as their ship is
        destroyed.                                       "Generations" [ST7]

    2372: When the civilian body called the Detapa Council, overthrows the Central Command on
        Cardassia in a coup, the Klingon High Council interpreted this as proof that the Cardassian
        government had been taken over by the Dominion, possibly by shape-shifters that could have
        replaced council members.  The Klingons made plans to invade Cardassia in order to protect
        the Alpha quadrant.  Klingon Chancellor Gowron sought Federation support in the invasion of
        Cardassia.  Capt. Sisko and Commander Worf warned against such a rash and unprovoked
        attack.  Gowron disregarded the cautionary warning, and unilaterally cancelled the Khitomer
        Accords, expelling all Federation citizens from the empire and recalling his ambassadors.
        Gowron sent a massive Klingon task force, commanded by a changeling agent impersonating
        General Martok, from station DS9 to commence a full-scale invasion of the Cardassian Empire.
        The aim of the task force was to seize outlying outposts and colonies, before making a spearhead
        strike to Cardassia Prime where they intended to execute all government officials and install an
        Imperial Overseer.  Once they got past the Cardassian defence lines, they nearly wiped out the
        infrastructure of Cardassia Prime.  Gul Dukat helped the Detapa council flee the Klingon
        invasion fleet by evacuating them from Cardassia Prime to DS9.  The Federation Council
        condemned Gowron's actions, and intervened to help stop the assault. However the Klingons
        did not relinquish a number of the conquered colonies and proceeded to fortify their gains.
                                                             "The Way of the Warrior" [DS9]; "Broken Link" [DS9]
    Continual skirmishes with the Klingons devastated the Cardassian military which led to the Detapa
        Council trying to seek a diplomatic solution.
                                                              "Return to Grace" [DS9]

    Kor is made Klingon ambassador to the planet Vulcan.
    A Vulcan geological survey team was mining the mineral bakrinium on an uncharted planet in the Gamma
    quadrant when they accidentally unearth some ancient ruins.  They brought back several artifacts to study
    including a cloth with markings which Kor recognized.  He got them to give him the cloth as a gift.  They
    didn't realize it but the markings were Hur'q and the cloth turned out to be the actual Shroud of the Sword
    of Kahless.  Kor, along with Worf and Jadzia Dax go on a mission to recover the lost Sword of Kahless.
                                                               "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

    Worf's rejection of Gowron's actions, causes the House of Mogh to loose all lands, and titles, and
        Kurn is removed from the Council.  A dishonored Kurn, failing to get Worf to kill him and regain
        his honor, has his memory erased and is given a new identity by a friend of Mogh. He becomes
        Ro'dan, son of Nogra.

    2372: Open hostilities between the Klingons and the Federation flared up over the next few months,
        resulting in the destruction of the starship Farragut at the Lembatta cluster and a pointless skirmish
        at Ajilon Prime.  A cease fire with the Federation was established shortly after the incident at Ajilon.
                                                               "Nor the Battle to the Strong" [DS9]

    2373: The short-lived war caused major losses on both sides until a cease-fire was arranged which
        eventually led to the reinstatement of the Khitomer Accords in face of the growing Dominion threat.
                                                            "By Inferno's Light" [DS9]

    2374: The Orion Syndicate had operatives on Farius Prime who worked with Dominion agents in an
        unsuccessful plan to assassinate the Klingon ambassador to that planet.
                                                                "Honor Among Theives" [DS9]

    2375: Gowron's leadership of the High Council came to an end in 2375 when a series of politically
        motivated decisions by Gowron cost the lives of numerous Klingon warriors during the final days
        of the Dominion war.  Appalled by Gowron's squandering of warriors' lives, Worf slew Gowron
        in a bat'leth fight for honor.  Although Worf had earned the right to lead the High Council by
        killing Gowron, Worf stood aside to allow Martok to ascend to the chancellorship.
                                                               "Tacking into the Wind" [DS9]

Alternate Timelines:
In the anti-time reality created by the Q Continuum, by 2395 the Klingon Empire had gained control
    of Romulan space.  Relations between the Klingons and the Federation were poor, and the Klingons
    had closed their borders to Federation vessels.
                                                               "All Good Things..." [TNG]

Ships -
    Attack cruiser (Warbird) - A type of large military starship.&nbssp; The Klingons operate warbirds in
        squadrons. (Klingons and Romulans share the term "bird of prey" for smaller ships.  But until
        this episode the term warbird had only been used to describe Romulan ships.)
                                                             "Broken Bow" [ENT]
       *Voodieh Class - Latest in a long line of powerful Klingon warships.  The flagship of the Klingon Navy.
                                                             "Way of the Warrior" [DS9]
            The only known example:
            Negh'Var -
       *Vor'cha class - Designed with assistance of the Federation. Formerly the flagship of the Klingon
            Navy, it is now a fairly common ship in the fleet.
                                                                "Reunion" [TNG]
            Ship Examples:
            Bortas - flagship of the Klingon fleet.  "Redemption" [TNG]
            Dravana -
            Toh'Kaht -

    Battle cruisers - A type of large military starship.&nbssp; Klingon battlecruisers are armed with photon
            torpedoes and equipped with tractor beams.
       *D5 class, resembles a cross between a D-7 and Bird of Prey.  A wedge-shaped head tips a long
            greebled neck/fuselage, from which descend angled wings tipped with warp nacelles; between
            the wings is a dorsal impulse housing resembling that of the D-7.  It's green in color, and fires
            green energy-orbs from the nose.
            Ship Examples: Bortas   "Judgment" [ENT]
       *K'tinga class, first seen in "ST1: The Motion Picture"
           Ship Examples:
            Amar - commanded by Barak. The Amar's squadron was destroyed in 2272 by the V'Ger cloud.
       *D7 class, The Klingon battlecruiser is a reuse of a CGI model from "Prophecy" (VOY).
     In that episode, it was referred to as a D7-class vessel.  The ship is a modification of the
        K'tinga-class design, first seen in Star Trek: The Motion Picture, with subdued detailing.
        It is a more detailed model than the outwardly similar battlecruiser seen in the original
        Star Trek series, also identified as a D7.  Unfortunately, this paints a very convoluted
        picture of Klingon starship design; at the very least, they operated nearly identical ships
        for more than two centuries.  Another potential anachronism is the use of twenty-fourth
        century photon torpedo and tractor beam visual effects.  Apparently the Klingons developed (or otherwise
        acquired) this technology before 2151.        "Unexpected" [ENT]
            Ship Examples:
Ship Name Captain Comments Source
B'Moth While patrolling the Cardassian border in 2373, it was set upon by Jem'Hadar warships.
35 survivors were rescued by the bird-of-prey Rotarran
"Soldiers of the Empire" [DS9]
K'tanco Kang "The Sword of Kahless" [DS9]

       *K'Vort class - Based on the smaller Bird of Prey design. A very common Klingon patrol and assault craft.
            Ship Examples: Korinar

    Scout ship -
       *Raptor class
    Each deck is divided into sections designated by a different color.
    Ship Examples: Somrow - This ship was pulled out of the atmosphere of
        a Gas Giant by Enterprise.
                            "Sleeping Dogs" [ENT]
Deck Sector Ship Facility
2 Red Port Docking hatch
3 Green site of a Compartment that collapsed
4 Blue Galley

    Bird of Prey:Named due to its sweeping wing design?
       *B'rel class - Smallest active Klingon warship. Used in a fleet or singularly as a raider.
            Crew of about 40. Weakest spot is located on the underside of its main hull.
                                                              "Return to Grace" [DS9]
            Ship Examples: Ch'Tang, E'tam, Fle'den, Karn'dor, M'Bara, Nin'Tow, Rotarran
       *D-12 Class - Small and obsolete vessel  "Past Prologue" [DS9]
            They were taken out of service due to faulty cloaking device coils.
                                                            "Generations" [ST7]
            Ship Examples: Cha'Joh

    Cargo Vessels:
            Ship Examples: Partok

    Bat'leth - A long, curved, double-bladed Klingon weapon, used in hand-to-hand combat, and seen in
        several episodes.  This is a crescent-shaped, two-handed sword.  The average bat'leth is a little
        over a meter long and shaped as a double-semicircle with four points.  It is composed of baakonite
        metal.  A standard modern bat'leth is typically 116 centimeters long and weighs 5.3 kilograms.
        The bat'leth is carried along the inside of the arm and normally wielded using two handholds on the
        outside curved edge of the weapon.
        It is also the legendary Sword of Honor, first created by the Klingon warrior Kahless the
        Unforgettable over 1500 years ago.  SEE: Story of the Sword.

    D'k tahg - The D'k tahg, also called the Klingon Ceremonial Blade, is a large knife designed to inflict
        extra damage on impaling attacks.  It is carried by most Klingon warriors.
        The large central blade has a groove down the centre, there is often a hole through the blade in this
        groove.  Before combat begins, there is a switch that can make two smaller blades snap out into
        position at an angle of roughly 45 degrees.  The smaller blades are designed to increase the amount
        of impaling damage.  The daq tahg is rarely longer than 16 to 18 inches in total length with a main
        blade length of up to 10 inches. The smaller blades are most commonly 3 inches long.
        There are also versions of the d'k tahg where the small blades are fixed in place.
        Another version of the d'k tahg exists which is smaller than the standard vesion.  It has a blade of
        around 6 inches. Some of these daggers have pommel guards.

    Gin'tak - The gin'tak spear has a large, oddly-shaped blade set on a short thick haft into which are
        carved a regular series of notches.  The butt of the haft has two animal fangs set into it.  Because
        of its large head, it does more damage than similarly-sized spears.  It is used entirely for combat.

    Kut'luch - The kut'luch is a large knife with a serrated blade that leaves a nasty wound.  It is usually
        used by assassins, and as such is frequently poisoned.  It can be considered the "dishonorable"
        counterpart to the d'k tahg.

    Mak'leth (alternate spellings include:  mak'leH, meq'Leth, and maq'etlh) -
        This blade is currectly termed a sword.  The main blade is normally around 20 inches long, though
        this varies from around 18 inches to 24 inches. The second blade is roughly a capital L shape and
        comes out from the main blade at an angle of 90 degrees just above the pommel.
        This sword comes in both left and right handed versions, though it is easily used off-handed.
        Many warriors like to fight with a matched pair of mak'leth.  This weapon is particularly suited to
        agile fast handed warriors and ideal for use in tight spaces, unlike the more common bat'leth. For
        this reason the mak'leth is commonly found among the weapons popular for combat use while on
        a starship. The weapon is normally wielded backwards along the length of the forearm, it is often
        however held 'reversed'.

    Qa'vak - The qa'vak spear is a slim metal javelin used in the Klingon game of qa'vak, the object of
        which is to hurl the spear through the center of a half-meter hoop rolled through a series of stakes.
        This is considered essential training for the Klingon ceremonial hunt, which is performed using
        the qa'vak spears.

    TajtiQ -  These daggers are an older design than the d'k tagh. The blades are commonly around
        16 to 18 inches long with an over all weapon length of 24 inches. A simpler weapon than the
        d'k tahg this long bladed dagger is often used in duels.
        There is a  larger version of the tajtiQ where the blade is serated and is commonly 20 to 24 inches

Individuals of Note:
SEE: Klingon Individuals of Note


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